Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh
Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai
Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari
The Transportation Routes Of Makkah
ar-Ra’is Imadudin Abu Muhamad Abdurahman Ibn Abi ad-Daw* Ibn as-Sayid Ibn Sani’ al-Ansari informed us, it was read to him and i heard it in the year 676 Hijri, and Abul Iz Yusuf Ibn Ya’qub Ibn al-Mujawir, and al-Muslim Ibn Alan, they said, Abul-Yaman Zayd Ibn al-Hasan Ibn Zayd al-Kindi informed us, it was read to him, Abu Mansur Abdurahman Ibn Muhamad Ibn Zurayq al-Qazaz ash-Shaybani informed us, it was read to him, al-Hafidh Abu Bakr Ahmad Ibn Ali Ibn Thabit al-Khatib al-Bagdadi informed us, Abu Umar Abdulwahid Ibn Muhamad Ibn Abdillah Ibn Mahdi informed us, al-Qadhi Abu Abdillah al-Husain Ibn Isma’il al-Mahamili narrated to us, Abu Musa Muhamad Ibn al-Muthana narrated to us, Ibn Uyaynah narrated to us, from Hisham Ibn Urwah, from his father, from A’isha (Radi Allahu Anha) that,
“When the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) came to Makkah he entered from its higher side and left from its lower side.”
He was born**. And he died in the month of Ramadhan in the year 679 Hijri
Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi and Nasa’i narrated it through the chain of Abu Musa Muhamad Ibn al-Muthana.
[GRADING AND REFERENCES] – [SAHIH]
Ibn Taymiyyah narrated this hadith through the chain of Khatib Bagdadi. This hadith is in Tarikh Bagdad of al-Khatib (3/284 biography no.1371).
Also Bukhari (no.1577) and Muslim (no.1258, Darusalam numbering 3042) and other than them have narrated it through the chain of Muhamad Ibn Muthana.
The clarification of Imam Sufyan Ibn Uyaynah hearing (from Hisham Ibn Urwah) is present in Musnad Abi Awanah (2/96 hadith no.2515, Book of al-Hajj, Chapter no.8, other manuscript 2/280 hadith no.3138, and its chain is Sahih, Amar Ibn Raja is Thiqah). Wal-Hamdullilah
* In actuality it is al-Asr whilst in the manuscript it is ad-Daw’
** In the manuscript there is whiteness after the word Wulida (Born)
He was born in 591 Hijri. (See Tarikh ul-Islam of adh-Dhahabi 50/323)
[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1. If you have the ability to then you should enter or exit Makkah according to the paths mentioned in this hadith. If you do not have the ability then according to Surah at-Tagabun (ayah no.16) then you have the option (to choose another route). And Allah knows best.
2. All the narrations of a Mudalis that come by way of Sama’, Mutaba’at or Shawahid in the Sahihayn are understood as being authentic or good, whether we have knowledge of it or not.
3. The noble companions remembered and propagated every intricate detail of the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam’s) life. Radi Allahu Anhum Ajma’in
4. A hadith is classed as being a proof.
[BIOGRAPHY OF THE NARRATOR OF THE HADITH]
A’isha (Radi Allahu Anha)
A Summarised comprehensive biography of A’isha (Radi Allahu Anha) is as follows:
Name and lineage:
The mother of the believers A’isha Siddiqa bint Abi Bakr as-Siddiq (Radi Allahu Anha)
Aswad Ibn Yazid, Sa’id Ibn al-Musayib, Sulayman Ibn Yasar, Abu Wa’il Shaqiq Ibn Salamah, Amir Ibn Sharahil ash-Shu’bi, Abdullah Ibn Zubayr Ibn al-Awam (Radi Allahu Anhu), Abdullah Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu Anhu), Abdullah Ibn Ubaydullah Ibn Abi Malikah, Abdullah Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu), Urwah Ibn Zubayr, Ata Ibn Abi Rabah, Ali Ibn Husain Ibn Ali Ibn Abi Talib, Qasim Ibn Muhamad Ibn Abi Bakr as-Siddiq, Kurayb Mawla Ibn Abbas, Muhamad Ibn Sirin and another big group of people other than them.
1. Once the noble Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said to A’isha (Radi Allahu Anha), “You have been shown to me twice in my dream. I saw you pictured on a piece of white silk and the Angel said (to me). ‘This is your wife.’ When I uncovered the picture, I saw that it was yours. I said, ‘If this is from Allah, it will be done.” (Sahih Bukhari no.3895, Sahih Muslim no.2438/no.6283)
A’isha (Radi Allahu Anha) narrates that Jibra’il (Alayhisalam) showed (an image of) me in silk clothing to the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said, This is your wife in this life and in the hereafter. (Sahih Ibn Hibban, al-Ihsan no.7052/no.7094 and its chain is [Hasan] good)
In one narration an Angel came and brought my image to the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), so he (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) married me and (at that time) I was seven years old and the marriage was consummated when I was nine years old. (al-Mustadrak al-Hakim 4/10 hadith no.6730 and its chain is [Hasan] good and al-Hakim authenticated it and adh-Dhahabi agreed with him)
Also see the virtues of the companions (Radi Allahu Anhum) according to authentic narrations. (pg.85)
From this it is established that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) married A’isha (Radi Allahu Anha) according to Allah’s command and will.
2. Amar Ibn Yasir (Radi Allahu Anhu) said, “Without a shadow of a doubt I know that she (i.e. A’isha (Radi Alahu Anha)) is the wife of the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) in this world and in the Hereafter. (Sahih Bukhari no.3772)
3. The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “The superiority of A’isha over other women is like the superiority of Tharid to other meals.” (Sahih Bukhari no.3770, Sahih Muslim no.2446 / no.6299)
The meaning of Tharid is a dish made from pieces of bread in a (meat) broth.
4. The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said to his daughter Fatima (Radi Allahu Anha) that: So love her (A’isha). (Sahih Muslim no.2442 / no.6290)
5. The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said that he loved A’isha (Radi Allahu Anha) the most. (Sahih Bukhari no.3662, Sahih Muslim no.2384 / no.6177)
The virtues of A’isha (Radi Allahu Anha) are numerous. (For e.g. see Virtues of the companions p.g 85 – 89)
Knowledge Of Narrations:
There are 2433 ahadith attributed to her in Musnad Ahmad.
One huge benefit of her marrying the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) is that she preserved his (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) household life and presented them in the form of thousands of ahadith to the Ummah.
She died on 57 or 58 Hijri. Abu Huraira (Radi Allahu Anhu) read her funeral prayer.
[Trans Note: Āʿishah (Radi Allahu Anha), daughter of Abū Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) and the beloved wife of Prophet Muḥammad (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam). In the fifty years following his death, she became a great teacher of Islām and preserved and transmitted over two thousand Aḥadīth. The Messenger of Allāh (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) married her in Shawwāl, a year after marrying Sawdah (Radi Allahu Anha). Āʿishah (Radi Allahu Anha) was regarded as the best loved of all the Prophet’s wives. She came under the loving care and attention of the Prophet Muḥammad (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) himself. As his wife and close companion, she acquired from him much knowledge and insight such as no woman has acquired. She was the most learned female Muslim jurist in history. She passed away in Ramaḍhān 17th, 57H, and was buried in Baqʿī. There are 741 narrations from her in Bukhārī and 503 in Muslim.
[al-Isābah [4:348 8:16-21], Thiqāt [3:323], Tabaqāt [8:39], Sīyar Aʿlam an-Nabulā [2:135-201], Tahdhīb al-Tahdhīb [12:384 no.8989], Taqrīb al-Tahdhīb [no.8679]. ʿAsad al-Ghābah [7:188], al-Istiʿāb [4:1881], Aʿlām an-Nisā [3:9], al-Kāshif [3:476], Tahdhīb al-Kamāl [3:1689], Khulaṣah [3:387], al-Ḥilyah [2:43], Shadhrāt al-Dhahab [1:61], Tārīkh al-Saghīr [1:99-103] and others.